United States Export Control laws are detailed and complex. These laws generally restrict the export and/or deemed export of certain restricted items, software or information. (A deemed export occurs when controlled items, software (e.g. encrypted open source code), or information is released to a foreign national within the United States.) The purpose of these laws is to restrict access to items or information that might be contrary to U.S. interests. Export Control laws regulate the content, destination, and recipient of exported items or information. In practice, the impact of Export Control laws is limited to a narrow set of issues and individuals. Despite the narrow scope, it is extremely important for the University, faculty and staff to comply with these laws to avoid significant penalties, including fines and criminal liability. This policy is designed to assist the University community in its efforts to comply with Export Control laws.